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Neues Terminal-Tab von der Befehlszeile aus öffnen (Mac OS X)

Ist es möglich, eine neue Registerkarte im Mac OS X-Terminal über die Befehlszeile in einer aktuell geöffneten Registerkarte zu öffnen?

Ich weiß, dass die Tastenkombination zum Öffnen einer neuen Registerkarte in Terminal "CMD + t" ist, aber ich suche nach einer Skript-basierten Lösung, die in der Befehlszeile ausgeführt wird.

96
Calvin Cheng

Versuche dies:

osascript -e 'tell application "Terminal" to activate' -e 'tell application "System Events" to tell process "Terminal" to keystroke "t" using command down'
106
Gordon Davisson

pdate: Diese Antwort wurde aufgrund der folgenden Shell-Funktion immer beliebter, die ab OSX 10.10 funktioniert (mit Ausnahme der Option -g).
Ein ausführlicheres, robusteres, getestetes Skriptversion ist jetzt verfügbar unter npm Registrierung als CLI ttab, die nterstützt auch iTerm2:

  • Wenn Sie Node.js installiert haben, führen Sie einfach Folgendes aus:

    npm install -g ttab
    

    (Je nachdem, wie Sie Node.js installiert haben, müssen Sie möglicherweise Sudo voranstellen.).

  • Andernfalls befolgen Sie diese Anweisungen .

  • Führen Sie nach der Installation ttab -h aus, um Informationen zur Verwendung zu erhalten, oder man ttab, um das Handbuch anzuzeigen.


Aufbauend auf der akzeptierten Antwort folgt eine Bash Komfortfunktion zum Öffnen eines neuen Tabs im aktuellen Terminalfenster und optional zum Ausführen eines Befehls (als Bonus gibt es eine Variantenfunktion zum Erstellen eines neuen windowstattdessen).

Wenn ein Befehl angegeben wird, wird sein erstes Token als Titel der neuen Registerkarte verwendet.

Beispielaufrufe:

    # Get command-line help.
newtab -h
    # Simpy open new tab.
newtab
    # Open new tab and execute command (quoted parameters are supported).
newtab ls -l "$Home/Library/Application Support"
    # Open a new tab with a given working directory and execute a command;
    # Double-quote the command passed to `eval` and use backslash-escaping inside.
newtab eval "cd ~/Library/Application\ Support; ls"
    # Open new tab, execute commands, close tab.
newtab eval "ls \$HOME/Library/Application\ Support; echo Press a key to exit.; read -s -n 1; exit"
    # Open new tab and execute script.
newtab /path/to/someScript
    # Open new tab, execute script, close tab.
newtab exec /path/to/someScript
    # Open new tab and execute script, but don't activate the new tab.
newtab -G /path/to/someScript

EINSCHRÄNKUNG: Wenn Sie newtab (oder newwin) über ein Skript ausführen, wird der ursprünglicheArbeitsordner des Skripts zum Arbeitsordner in der neuen Registerkarte/im neuen Fenster , auch wenn Sie den Arbeitsordner innerhalb des Skripts ändern, bevor Sienewtab/newwin aufrufen - übergeben Sie eval mit einem cd-Befehl als Workaround (siehe Beispiel oben).

Quellcode (fügen Sie ihn beispielsweise in Ihr Bash-Profil ein):

# Opens a new tab in the current Terminal window and optionally executes a command.
# When invoked via a function named 'newwin', opens a new Terminal *window* instead.
function newtab {

    # If this function was invoked directly by a function named 'newwin', we open a new *window* instead
    # of a new tab in the existing window.
    local funcName=$FUNCNAME
    local targetType='tab'
    local targetDesc='new tab in the active Terminal window'
    local makeTab=1
    case "${FUNCNAME[1]}" in
        newwin)
            makeTab=0
            funcName=${FUNCNAME[1]}
            targetType='window'
            targetDesc='new Terminal window'
            ;;
    esac

    # Command-line help.
    if [[ "$1" == '--help' || "$1" == '-h' ]]; then
        cat <<EOF
Synopsis:
    $funcName [-g|-G] [command [param1 ...]]

Description:
    Opens a $targetDesc and optionally executes a command.

    The new $targetType will run a login Shell (i.e., load the user's Shell profile) and inherit
    the working folder from this Shell (the active Terminal tab).
    IMPORTANT: In scripts, \`$funcName\` *statically* inherits the working folder from the
    *invoking Terminal tab* at the time of script *invocation*, even if you change the
    working folder *inside* the script before invoking \`$funcName\`.

    -g (back*g*round) causes Terminal not to activate, but within Terminal, the new tab/window
      will become the active element.
    -G causes Terminal not to activate *and* the active element within Terminal not to change;
      i.e., the previously active window and tab stay active.

    NOTE: With -g or -G specified, for technical reasons, Terminal will still activate *briefly* when
    you create a new tab (creating a new window is not affected).

    When a command is specified, its first token will become the new ${targetType}'s title.
    Quoted parameters are handled properly.

    To specify multiple commands, use 'eval' followed by a single, *double*-quoted string
    in which the commands are separated by ';' Do NOT use backslash-escaped double quotes inside
    this string; rather, use backslash-escaping as needed.
    Use 'exit' as the last command to automatically close the tab when the command
    terminates; precede it with 'read -s -n 1' to wait for a keystroke first.

    Alternatively, pass a script name or path; prefix with 'exec' to automatically
    close the $targetType when the script terminates.

Examples:
    $funcName ls -l "\$Home/Library/Application Support"
    $funcName eval "ls \\\$HOME/Library/Application\ Support; echo Press a key to exit.; read -s -n 1; exit"
    $funcName /path/to/someScript
    $funcName exec /path/to/someScript
EOF
        return 0
    fi

    # Option-parameters loop.
    inBackground=0
    while (( $# )); do
        case "$1" in
            -g)
                inBackground=1
                ;;
            -G)
                inBackground=2
                ;;
            --) # Explicit end-of-options marker.
                shift   # Move to next param and proceed with data-parameter analysis below.
                break
                ;;
            -*) # An unrecognized switch.
                echo "$FUNCNAME: PARAMETER ERROR: Unrecognized option: '$1'. To force interpretation as non-option, precede with '--'. Use -h or --h for help." 1>&2 && return 2
                ;;
            *)  # 1st argument reached; proceed with argument-parameter analysis below.
                break
                ;;
        esac
        shift
    done

    # All remaining parameters, if any, make up the command to execute in the new tab/window.

    local CMD_PREFIX='tell application "Terminal" to do script'

        # Command for opening a new Terminal window (with a single, new tab).
    local CMD_NEWWIN=$CMD_PREFIX    # Curiously, simply executing 'do script' with no further arguments opens a new *window*.
        # Commands for opening a new tab in the current Terminal window.
        # Sadly, there is no direct way to open a new tab in an existing window, so we must activate Terminal first, then send a keyboard shortcut.
    local CMD_ACTIVATE='tell application "Terminal" to activate'
    local CMD_NEWTAB='tell application "System Events" to keystroke "t" using {command down}'
        # For use with -g: commands for saving and restoring the previous application
    local CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_APPNAME='tell application "System Events" to set prevAppName to displayed name of first process whose frontmost is true'
    local CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_APP='activate application prevAppName'
        # For use with -G: commands for saving and restoring the previous state within Terminal
    local CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_WIN='tell application "Terminal" to set prevWin to front window'
    local CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_WIN='set frontmost of prevWin to true'
    local CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_TAB='tell application "Terminal" to set prevTab to (selected tab of front window)'
    local CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_TAB='tell application "Terminal" to set selected of prevTab to true'

    if (( $# )); then # Command specified; open a new tab or window, then execute command.
            # Use the command's first token as the tab title.
        local tabTitle=$1
        case "$tabTitle" in
            exec|eval) # Use following token instead, if the 1st one is 'eval' or 'exec'.
                tabTitle=$(echo "$2" | awk '{ print $1 }') 
                ;;
            cd) # Use last path component of following token instead, if the 1st one is 'cd'
                tabTitle=$(basename "$2")
                ;;
        esac
        local CMD_SETTITLE="tell application \"Terminal\" to set custom title of front window to \"$tabTitle\""
            # The tricky part is to quote the command tokens properly when passing them to AppleScript:
            # Step 1: Quote all parameters (as needed) using printf '%q' - this will perform backslash-escaping.
        local quotedArgs=$(printf '%q ' "[email protected]")
            # Step 2: Escape all backslashes again (by doubling them), because AppleScript expects that.
        local cmd="$CMD_PREFIX \"${quotedArgs//\\/\\\\}\""
            # Open new tab or window, execute command, and assign tab title.
            # '>/dev/null' suppresses AppleScript's output when it creates a new tab.
        if (( makeTab )); then
            if (( inBackground )); then
                # !! Sadly, because we must create a new tab by sending a keystroke to Terminal, we must briefly activate it, then reactivate the previously active application.
                if (( inBackground == 2 )); then # Restore the previously active tab after creating the new one.
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_APPNAME" -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_TAB" -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" -e "$cmd in front window" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_APP" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_TAB" >/dev/null
                else
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_APPNAME" -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" -e "$cmd in front window" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_APP" >/dev/null
                fi
            else
                osascript -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" -e "$cmd in front window" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" >/dev/null
            fi
        else # make *window*
            # Note: $CMD_NEWWIN is not needed, as $cmd implicitly creates a new window.
            if (( inBackground )); then
                # !! Sadly, because we must create a new tab by sending a keystroke to Terminal, we must briefly activate it, then reactivate the previously active application.
                if (( inBackground == 2 )); then # Restore the previously active window after creating the new one.
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_WIN" -e "$cmd" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_WIN" >/dev/null
                else
                    osascript -e "$cmd" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" >/dev/null
                fi
            else
                    # Note: Even though we do not strictly need to activate Terminal first, we do it, as assigning the custom title to the 'front window' would otherwise sometimes target the wrong window.
                osascript -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$cmd" -e "$CMD_SETTITLE" >/dev/null
            fi
        fi        
    else    # No command specified; simply open a new tab or window.
        if (( makeTab )); then
            if (( inBackground )); then
                # !! Sadly, because we must create a new tab by sending a keystroke to Terminal, we must briefly activate it, then reactivate the previously active application.
                if (( inBackground == 2 )); then # Restore the previously active tab after creating the new one.
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_APPNAME" -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_TAB" -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_APP" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_TAB" >/dev/null
                else
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_APPNAME" -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_APP" >/dev/null
                fi
            else
                osascript -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWTAB" >/dev/null
            fi
        else # make *window*
            if (( inBackground )); then
                # !! Sadly, because we must create a new tab by sending a keystroke to Terminal, we must briefly activate it, then reactivate the previously active application.
                if (( inBackground == 2 )); then # Restore the previously active window after creating the new one.
                    osascript -e "$CMD_SAVE_ACTIVE_WIN" -e "$CMD_NEWWIN" -e "$CMD_REACTIVATE_PREV_WIN" >/dev/null
                else
                    osascript -e "$CMD_NEWWIN" >/dev/null
                fi
            else
                    # Note: Even though we do not strictly need to activate Terminal first, we do it so as to better visualize what is happening (the new window will appear stacked on top of an existing one).
                osascript -e "$CMD_ACTIVATE" -e "$CMD_NEWWIN" >/dev/null
            fi
        fi
    fi

}

# Opens a new Terminal window and optionally executes a command.
function newwin {
    newtab "[email protected]" # Simply pass through to 'newtab', which will examine the call stack to see how it was invoked.
}
151
mklement0

So wird es von bash_it gemacht:

function tab() {
  osascript 2>/dev/null <<EOF
    tell application "System Events"
      tell process "Terminal" to keystroke "t" using command down
    end
    tell application "Terminal"
      activate
      do script with command "cd \"$PWD\"; $*" in window 1
    end tell
EOF
}

Nachdem Sie dies zu Ihrem .bash_profile hinzugefügt haben, verwenden Sie den Befehl tab, um das aktuelle Arbeitsverzeichnis auf einer neuen Registerkarte zu öffnen.

Siehe: https://github.com/revans/bash-it/blob/master/plugins/available/osx.plugin.bash#L3

14
dleavitt
osascript -e 'tell app "Terminal"
   do script "echo hello"
end tell'

Dies öffnet ein neues Terminal und führt darin den Befehl "Echo Hallo" aus.

11
Szymon Morawski

Wenn Sie oh-my-zsh verwenden (das jeder trendige Geek verwenden soll), nachdem Sie das "osx" -Plugin in .zshrc aktiviert haben, geben Sie einfach den Befehl tab ein. Es öffnet sich eine neue Registerkarte und cd in dem Verzeichnis, in dem Sie sich befanden.

9
CharlesB

Ich habe diese zu meinem .bash_profile hinzugefügt, damit ich auf Tabnamen und Newtab zugreifen kann

tabname() {
  printf "\e]1;$1\a"
}

new_tab() {
  TAB_NAME=$1
  COMMAND=$2
  osascript \
    -e "tell application \"Terminal\"" \
    -e "tell application \"System Events\" to keystroke \"t\" using {command down}" \
    -e "do script \"printf '\\\e]1;$TAB_NAME\\\a'; $COMMAND\" in front window" \
    -e "end tell" > /dev/null
}

Wenn Sie sich also auf einer bestimmten Registerkarte befinden, können Sie einfach tippen

tabname "New TabName"

um alle geöffneten Registerkarten zu organisieren. Es ist viel besser, als Informationen auf der Registerkarte zu erhalten und dort zu ändern.

6
richtera

Die Tastenkombination cmd-t öffnet eine neue Registerkarte, sodass Sie diesen Tastendruck wie folgt an den OSA-Befehl übergeben können:

osascript -e 'tell application "System Events"' -e 'keystroke "t" using command down' -e 'end tell'

6
Aziz Alto

wenn Sie sich in einem Terminalfenster befinden, öffnet command + n => ein neues Terminal und command + t => öffnet eine neue Registerkarte im aktuellen Terminalfenster

3
xdev

Wenn Sie iTerm verwenden, öffnet dieser Befehl eine neue Registerkarte:

osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm" to activate' -e 'tell application "System Events" to tell process "iTerm" to keystroke "t" using command down'
2
open -n -a Terminal

und Sie können das Zielverzeichnis als Parameter übergeben

open -n -a Terminal /Users
0
Everton Santos

Was ist mit diesem einfachen Snippet, der auf einem Standard-Skriptbefehl (Echo) basiert:

# set mac osx's terminal title to "My Title"
echo -n -e "\033]0;My Title\007"
0
Adrien Joly

Wenn X installiert ist (z. B. von Homebrew oder Quarz), führt ein einfaches "xterm &" (fast) den Trick aus, es öffnet ein neues Terminalfenster (nicht jedoch eine Registerkarte).

0
Immanuel Kant